In 2019, the Australian Senate passed the Government's Industrial Chemicals Bill banning the testing of cosmetics and their ingredients on animals in Australia. This will be legislated by the Industrial Chemicals Act 2019, which will be implemented in July 2020. Under the new Act, formulated cosmetics cannot be tested on animals and "sole purpose" ingredients (those that are used only in cosmetics) cannot utilise any new animal test data when assessing safety or efficacy. We welcome this progress towards a future free of animal testing. Nonetheless, this will not mean that every cosmetic, household, personal care or cleaning product on Australian shelves will be free of animal testing.