Laboratory Animals

Animals as Products

Many breeds of animals are used including dogs, cats, monkeys, mice, rats, rabbits, sheep, pigs. These animals are often referred to as ‘products’, not animals.

One animal dies in a laboratory in the USA every second, in Japan every two seconds and in the UK every twelve seconds – British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV). See Australia’s national statistics here.

Why a Beagle?Why a Beagle?

Beagles are preferred chiefly because of their docility (they are easy to handle) and because they have short hair (easy to maintain).

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and the Preferred Dog is the BeagleDevelopment Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals (1993), which are the standard guidelines for the conduct of toxicity tests recognised by most regulatory authorities, specify that in certain common types of toxicity tests two species of animals should be used – one a rodent (eg rats or mice) the other a non-rodent.

The preferred non-rodent is a dog and the preferred dog is the beagle.

Sarah Kite, of the BUAV said: “Beagles have become the laboratory’s favourite tool. They are very small docile animals who by their nature are also very sociable and like to be around humans. It is because of a simple fact like this that they are used. For instance can you imagine trying to feed something to a German Shepherd or test something out on a dog like that? Beagles are very obliging animals and not aggressive at all – they are the ideal lab animal.”

For more information into the plight of beagles are laboratory animals, please visit Beagle Freedom Project (USA) or Beagle Freedom Australia

Need hope? Take a look at this video by Beagle Freedom Project (USA) and watch beagles rescued from the horrors of “life” in a laboratory see sun and grass for the first time!

Here in Melbourne Australia is one example of the ‘services’ available for lab animals at Monash University. The following has been lifted from Monash Animal Service:

Animal Procurement
Monash Animal Services are able to procure most species of laboratory animals on your behalf with ease. We have developed an extensive network of providers to ensure that we can obtain the best level of service and competitive pricing for all of your needs. We presently procure cats, guinea pigs, cane toads and a range of other species from around Australia and internationally, as required.

Animal Models
MAS breeds a growing variety of common species and strains at various barrier levels. Most strains of rats and mice are produced in our Maximum Barrier Rodent Breeding Facility, constructed in 2001. Barrier maintained rabbits are also available…

MAS also have facilities for the agistment of sheep, rabbits, guinea pigs, cats, dogs, non-human primates and exotic species such as cane toads.

Import and Export Service
Years of experience have made this service efficient with minimal complications. Animal Services have developed good relations with most International Suppliers along with shipping companies. The only work the researcher needs to do is fill out an “Import Request Form” – available from Animal Services. We do the rest…

Take the stress out of your next animal import or export shipment by choosing Monash Animal Services to do the work for you. Our experienced staff process hundreds of imports every year.

The following text and photos were taken from actual on-line catalogues of American breeders of animals for research:

Canines

www.crpinc.com

Canines
CRP offers four purpose-bred canine models to meet your protocol needs. CRP canines are produced in ISO 9002-certified, AAALAC-accredited facilities and cared for by AALAS-certified technicians with oversight from on-site staff veterinarians. Production facilities are located throughout the continental United States allowing for efficient and timely delivery in our own environmentally controlled vehicles. Our Associated Services for dogs include preacclimation leash, sling, and treadmill training to routine procedures, and we can customize training to meet your specific needs.

PrimatesPrimates
CRP meets the needs of the biomedical research community by providing purpose-bred primates with defined health status. In addition to our domestic breeding operation, we have established a program that can supply you with purpose-bred, country of origin, nonhuman primates. These include cynomolgus from China, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines and rhesus from China. CRP also has facilities, capabilities, and experience in developing client-designed primate purchase and maturation holding contracts.

www.harlan.com A major international company with locations throughout the world, Harlan is a breeder and supplier of animals.
Nine species (beagles, marmosets, rabbits, guinea pigs, rats, mice, gerbils, cats and hamsters) and over 225 stocks and strains of laboratory animals (including hybrid, mutant and transgenic animals) are produced.

Domestic Shorthair CatsDomestic Shorthair Cats A shorthaired, multicolored, disease-free feline which has been bred and socialized for biomedical research.

New Zealand White RabbitsNew Zealand White Rabbits New Zealand White rabbits are produced in a barrier production facility in an environment specifically designed to maintain and produce pathogen-free rabbits.

Below are extracts taken from the Company Daybook for just one of the stock units reveal a nightmarish existence for the dogs at Harlan UK – a catalogue of pain, misery, suffering and death.

24/04/98
“DH1106 killed – fight related injuries”

29/04/98
“5 males killed”

30/04/98
“5 males killed and 2 females killed”

21/05/98
“3 females killed”

22/05/98
“2 females killed”

10/06/98
“9 females killed”

23/06/98
“7 females killed”

24/06/98
“7 females killed”

24/06/98
“4 females killed”

24/06/98
“3 males killed”

25/06/98
“3 males killed”

13/07/98
“1 male killed – heart murmur”

16/07/98
“3 females killed – underweight”

20/07/98
“5 males killed”

20/01/99
“DJ0201 – bite wounds to rear legs”

20/01/99
“DJ0903 – bite wounds to right fore foot”

26/01/99
“DJ0930 – bite wound to right foreleg”

26/01/99
“DJ0260 – infected bite wound left hind leg”

27/01/99
“DJ0361 – bite wound to left fore foot”

27/01/99
“DJ0221 – bite wound to left shoulder and nose”

27/01/99
“DJ0291 – bite wounds to right leg”

27/01/99
“DJ876 – bite wound to left foreleg”

28/01/99
“10 females killed”

05/02/99
“8 females killed”

09/02/99
“10 females killed”

12/02/99
“8 females killed”